Aug. 20, 2023 Held


Republic of Guatemala

Election for Guatemalan Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:4,208,985
Valid Votes:4,009,133
Invalid Votes:24,166

Vote Share by Candidate:

Bernardo ARÉVALO de Léon2,441,661


Sandra Julieta TORRES1,567,472

Election Results Modified: Sep 27, 2023

General Information

At Stake in this Election: 

  • The Presidency of Guatemala 

This is the second-round election. Read the IFES Election Snapshot here. The first round was held on 25 June 2023. 

Government Structure:  

  • Chief of State: President Alejandro GIAMMATTEI (since 14 January 2020) 

  • Head of Government: President Alejandro GIAMMATTEI (since 14 January 2020) 

  • Assembly: unicameral Congress (Congreso de la República) with 160 seats 

Electoral System:  

  • The President is directly elected by absolute majority vote in up to two rounds. The President serves a single 4-year term and is not eligible for reelection. 

  • The President and Vice President are elected together, as a slate. 

  • Within the Congress, 128 members are elected from multi-seat departmental constituencies and 32 additional members are elected in a single, nationwide constituency by closed party-list proportional representation vote. All 160 members are directly elected and serve 4-year terms. 

Last Election: 

In the first round of the 2023 presidential election, no candidate won an absolute majority of the vote. Sandra TORRES (UNE) and Bernardo ARÉVALO (Semilla) won the largest shares of the vote, with 15.87% and 11.78%, respectively. Voter turnout was 44.9%. 

Key Deadlines: 

  • Candidate filing deadline: 26 March 2023 

  • Voter registration deadline: 25 March 2023 

Main Candidates in this Election: 

  • Sandra TORRES Casanova 

  • Party: Unidad Nacional de la Esperanza (UNE) 

  • Bernardo ARÉVALO 

  • Party: Movimiento Semilla  

Population and Registered Voters: 

Gender Data: 

Disability Data: 

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in Guatemala: Yes, country office  

  • Election Access: Yes 

  • Election Judgements: Yes, 2 judgments and 11 resources 

Election Modified: Aug 21, 2023

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