Record Modified: Aug 16 2023

Nov. 9, 2003 Held


Republic of Guatemala

Election for Guatemalan Presidency


Cast Votes:2,836,671
Valid Votes:2,621,150
Invalid Votes:117,800


Oscar Jose Rafael BERGER Perdomo903,343


Alvaro COLOM Caballeros694,082


Jose Efrain RIOS Montt503,679


Leonel Eliseo LOPEZ Rodas218,429


Other Candidates86,182


Friederich Garcia-Gallont BISCHOF79,726


Rodrigo Asturias AMADO67,171


Jose Eduardo SUGER Cofiño58,113


Manuel Eduardo Conde ORELLANA10,425


More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Guatemala

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Alfonso Antonion PORTILLO Cabrera
  • Head of Government: President Alfonso Antonion PORTILLO Cabrera
  • Assembly: Guatemala has a unicameral Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la Republica) with 158 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la Republica) 158 members are elected by popular vote to serve 4-year terms.

Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:

  • Oscar Jose Rafael BERGER Perdomo*
    • Alliance: Grand National Alliance (GANA)**
  • Alvaro COLOM Caballeros*
    • Party: National Unity for Hope (UNE)
  • Jose Efrain RIOS Montt
    • Party: Guatemalan Republic Front (FRG)
  • Leonel Eliseo LOPEZ Rodas
    • Party: National Advancement Party (PAN)
  • Friederich Garcia-Gallont BISCHOF
    • Party: Unionista Party
  • Rodrigo Asturias AMADO
    • Party: Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG)
  • Jose Eduardo SUGER Cofiño
    • Party: Authentic Integral Development (DIA)
  • Manuel Eduardo Conde ORELLANA
    • Party: Movimiento Social y Politico Cambio Nacional
  • Other Candidates
    • Party: N/A

* Presidential candidates BERGER and COLOM will enter the second round of elections on December 28, 2003.

** GANA consists of the the Partido Patriota, Movimiento Reformador, Partido Solidardidad Nacional.

Last Presidential election:

  • The last presidential election was held on November 7, 1999 with a run off held on December 26, 1999. In the second round, Alfonso Antonio PORTILLO Cabrera of the Guatemlan Republican Front (FRG) won the presidency by securing 68% of the votes against Oscar BERGER Perdomo of the National Advancement Party (PAN) who had 32% of the votes.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 12,573,346 (2003)
  • Registered Voters: 5,073,282 (2003)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 6,436,434 (2003)

·         Is Guatemala a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (8 June 1981)

·         Has Guatemala ratified CEDAW: Yes (12 August 1982)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 13 (following the 2003 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 128 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Guatemala a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Guatemala ratified CRPD: Yes (7 April 2009)

·         Population with a disability: 1,886,001 (est.)