Dec. 10, 2023 Held


Arab Republic of Egypt

Election for Egyptian Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:44,777,668
Valid Votes:44,288,361
Invalid Votes:489,307

Vote Share by Candidate:

Abdel Fattah AL-SISI39,702,451


Hazem OMAR1,986,352


Farid ZAHRAN1,776,952


Abdel-Sanad YAMAMA822,606

Election Results Modified: Dec 19, 2023

General Information

At Stake in this Election: 

  • The Presidency of Egypt 

Government Structure:  

  • Chief of State: President Abdel Fattah AL-SISI (since 8 June 2014) 

  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Mostafa MADBOULY (since 7 June 2018) 

  • Assembly: bicameral Parliament with a 300-seat Senate (مجلس الشيوخ) and a 596-seat House of Representatives (مجلس النواب) 

Electoral System:  

  • The President is directly elected by absolute majority vote in up to two rounds and may serve up to 2 consecutive 6-year terms. 

  • The Prime Minister is nominated by the President and confirmed by the House of Representatives. 

  • In the Senate, 200 members are directly elected: 100 by plurality vote in single-seat constituencies and 100 by closed party-list vote. An additional 100 members are appointed by the President. All 300 members serve 5-year terms. 

  • In the House of Representatives, 568 members are directly elected via a mixture of plurality vote in single-seat constituencies (approximately 75% of seats) and closed-list vote in multi-seat constituencies (approximately 25% of seats). Additional members (currently 28 but may be up to 5% of the total) are appointed by the President. All members serve 5-year terms. 

Last Election: 

In 2018, incumbent Abdel Fattah AL-SISI won the presidency with 97.08% of the vote. Voter turnout was 41%. 

New/Unique in this Election:  

In 2019, the presidential term was extended via a constitutional referendum. The president may now serve for up to two consecutive 6-year terms, rather than two 4-year terms. 

Key Deadlines: 

  • Candidate filing deadline: 14 October 2023 

  • Voter registration deadline: N/A; Voter registration is passive and based off of the national ID system. Voter rolls were finalized when the election proclamation was issued on 20 September 2023. 

Main Candidates in this Election: 

  • Abdel Fattah AL-SISI  

  • Independent 

  • Incumbent 

  • Farid ZAHRAN 

  • Egyptian Social Democratic Party / الحزب المصرى الديمقراطى الاجتماعى 

  • Abdel-Sanad YAMAMA 

  • Wafd Party / حزب الوفد الجديد 

  • Hazem OMAR 

  • Republican People’s Party / حزب الشعب الجمهورى 

Population and Registered Voters: 

Gender Data: 

Disability Data: 

  • CRPD Status: Signed 2007, Ratified 2008 

  • Projected population with a disability: 17,758,416 (2022 est.) 

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in Egypt: No  

  • Election Access: Yes 

  • Election Judgements: Yes, 6 judgments and 11 resources  

Election Modified: Dec 19, 2023

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