Oct. 10, 2023 Held


Republic of Liberia

Election for Liberian Senate


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:1,940,857
Valid Votes:None
Invalid Votes:None

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Coalition for Democratic Change (Coalition for Democratic Change) 6

Independents (Independents) 6

Liberia Restoration Party (Liberia Restoration Party) 1

Unity Party (UP) (Unity Party (UP)) 1

Movement for Democracy and Reconstruction (Movement for Democracy and Reconstruction) 1

Election Results Modified: Dec 11, 2023

General Information

At Stake in this Election: 

  • 15 seats of the Senate of Liberia 

Elections for the presidency and the House of Representatives will occur concurrently. 

Government Structure:  

  • Chief of State: President George Manneh WEAH (since 22 January 2018) 

  • Head of Government: President George Manneh WEAH (since 22 January 2018) 

  • Assembly: bicameral National Assembly with a 30-seat Senate and a 73-seat House of Representatives 

Electoral System:  

  • The President is directly elected by absolute majority vote in up to two rounds. The President may serve up to two 6-year terms. 

  • In the Senate, all 30 members are directly elected from 2-seat constituencies by simple majority vote. Senate elections are staggered such that, for each constituency, one seat is contested, then then next is contested three years later, then there is a 6-year break, then the cycle repeats. All members serve 9-year terms. 

  • In the House of Representatives, all members are directly elected by plurality vote in single-seat constituencies. Members serve 6-year terms. 

Last Election: 

In 2020, 15 out of 30 Senate seats were contested, and Collaborating Political Parties won the largest share of seats (6) followed by four other parties. Voter turnout was 36%. 

Key Deadlines: 

  • 9 April 2023 for Montserrado, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Margibi, Bomi, and Gbarpolu counties 

  • 11 May 2023 for all other counties 

Main Parties in this Election: 

  • Collaborating Political Parties (CPP) 

  • Coalition including Unity Party, Liberty Party, several smaller parties 

  • Seats won in last election: 6 

  • Congress for Democratic Change 

  • Seats won in last election: 3 

  • People’s Unification Party (PUP) 

  • Seats won in last election: 1 

  • Movement for Democracy and Reconstruction 

  • Seats won in last election: 1 

Population and Registered Voters: 

Gender Data: 

  • CEDAW Status: Ratified (by accession) 17 July 1984 

  • Gender Quota:  Yes, for House elections, party lists must be composed of at least 30% of candidates of each gender. 

  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes 

  • Number of Female Legislators (pre-election): 8 out of 73 (11%) in the House of Representatives, 2 out of 30 (6.7%) in the Senate 

  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 0.481, Low, Rank 178 (2021) 

Disability Data: 

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in Liberia: No 

  • Election Access: Yes 

  • Election Judgements: Yes, 5 judgments and 12 resources  

Election Modified: Oct 11, 2023

Most Recent Elections in Liberia

With Participation Rates