May 27, 2023 Held


Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Election for Al Jamiya Al Wataniya (Mauritanian National Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:1,278,986
Valid Votes:970,553
Invalid Votes:308,433

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

El Insaf (Parti El Insaf – الإنصاف) 107 - 342,153


Tewassoul (Rassemblement National pour la Réforme et le Développement - التجمع الوطني للإصلاح و التنمية) 11 - 99,431


Union for Democracy and Progress (Union pour la Démocratie et le Développent) 10 - 58,823


FRUD (Republican Front for Unity and Democracy) (Parti Front Républicain pour l'Unité et la Démocratie) 7 - 32,296


National Democratic Alliance (AND) (Parti Alliance Nationale Démocratique) 6 - - 32,027


El Islah (El Islah) 6 - - 32,027


El Karama (El Karama) 5 - - 25,437


Sawab (Sawab) 5 - - 39,807


Nida Elwatan (نداء الوطن) 5 - 24,268


Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal (Alliance pour la Justice et la Démocratie/Mouvement pour la Rénovation) 4 - - 21,163


Mauritanian Party for Union and Change (HATEM) (Parti Mauritanien pour l'Union et le Changement) 3 - - 28,124


Hiwar (حزب حوار) 3 - - 20,208


El Vadila (حزب الفضيلة) 2 - 17,303


Union of Planning and Construction (UPC) (الاتحاد من اجل التخطيط والبناء - Union pour la Planification et la Construction) 1 - - 15,028


Party of the Mauritanian Masses (حزب العيل الموريتانية) 1 - - 20,206

Election Results Modified: Jun 05, 2023

General Information

At Stake in this Election: 

  • 36 seats of the Mauritanian National Assembly

    • This is the second round of the general election. Only seats in one- and two-seat constituencies that were not won by absolute majority in the first round are included in the second round. The first round was held on 13 May 2023.

Government Structure:  

  • Chief of State: President Mohamed Ould Cheikh el GHAZOUANI (since 1 August 2019) 

  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Mohamed Ould BILAL (since 6 August 2020) 

  • Assembly: unicameral National Assembly (الجمعية الوطنية / Al Jam’iya Al Wataniya) with 176 seats 

    • Prior to the 2023 election, the National Assembly had 157 seats.

Electoral System:  

  • The President is directly elected by absolute majority vote in up to two rounds. The President may serve up to two 5-year terms. 

  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. 

  • In the National Assembly, 88 members are elected via absolute majority vote (up to two rounds) in a single, nationwide constituency. The remaining 88 members are elected via closed-list proportional representation vote in multi-member constituencies, including 4 overseas constituencies. All members are directly elected and serve 5-year terms. 

  • Out of the 88 nationwide constituency seats, 20 seats are reserved for women, and 11 are reserved for youth (aged 25 to 30). 

Last Election

In the first round of the 2023 general election, El Insaf won the largest share of seats (80), but no party secured a majority. Voter turnout was 54%.

New/Unique this Election: 

In 2022, the major political parties reached an agreement with the Ministry of the Interior to change several key aspects of the electoral system and procedures. The National Assembly will expand from 155 seats to 176, with half of the members elected via proportional representation and half via absolute majority vote. New constituencies were also created in the capital, Nouakchott, and in several new departments. Assembly members representing overseas communities will be directly elected by overseas voters in four districts (Africa, Americas, Europe, Asia) rather than indirectly elected by the National Assembly. Additionally, 11 seats are now reserved for youth, and parties will be required to include at least two candidates with disabilities on one of their nationwide constituency lists. 

Key Deadlines: 

  • Candidate filing deadline: 13 April 2023 

  • Voter registration deadline: N/A (passive voter registration system) 

Main Candidates in this Election:  

  • El Insaf / Parti El Insaf – الإنصاف  

  • Leader: Mohamed Maalainine Ould EYIH 

  • Seats won in last election: 89 out of 157

  • Known as Union for the Republic (UPR) until 2022 

  • Tewassoul / Rassemblement National pour la Réforme et le Développement - تواصل (RNRD)  

  • Seats won in last election: 14 out of 157

  • Union for Democracy and Progress / Union pour la Démocratie et le Progrés - الاتحاد من اجل الديمقراطية والتقدم (UDP) 

    • Seats won in last election: 6 out of 157

  • Sawab Party / Parti Sawab - الصواب 

    • Seats won in last election: 3 out of 157

  • Republican Front for Unity and Democracy / Parti Front Républicain pour l'Unité et la Démocratie -  الجيحعق الجمهورية للوحدة والديمقراطية (FRUD)

    • Seats won in last election: 0 out of 157

  • National Democratic Alliance / Parti Alliance Nationale Démocratique - حزب التحالف الوطني الديمقراطي (AND)

    • Seats won in last election: 6 out of 157

  • El Islah / Parti El Islah - الاصلاح  

    • Seats won in last election: 1 out of 157

  • El Karama / Parti El Karama – الكرامة 

    • Seats won in last election: 6 out of 157

  • Democratic Forces Rally / Rassemblement des Forces Démocratiques - تكتل القوى الديمقراطية (RFD) 

  • Seats won in last election: 3 out of 157

  • Union of the Forces of Progress / Union des Forces de Progrès - اتحاد قوى التقدم (UFP) 

    • Seats won in last election: 3 out of 157

  • Alliance for Justice and Democracy – Renewal Movement / Alliance pour la Justice et la Démocratie – Mouvement Pour la Rénovation - (AJD/MR) 

    • Seats won in last election: 1 out of 157

  • Hiwar / حزب حوار

    • Seats won in last election: 1 out of 157

Population and Registered Voters: 

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 2,519,683 (2023 est.) 

  • CEDAW Status: Ratified (by accession) 10 May 2001  

  • Gender Quota: 20 out of 157 National Assembly seats are reserved for women. Each party contesting the non-reserved nationwide constituency seats must also submit a separate list of 20 female candidates. 

  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes 

Disability Data: 

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in Mauritania: Yes, programming

  • Election FAQs: Yes

Election Modified: Aug 02, 2023

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