IFES

June 19, 2022 Confirmed

France

French Republic

Election for Assemblée Nationale (National Assembly of France)

More Info:

At Stake in this Election

  • 577 seats in the National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) of the French Republic

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: President Emmanuel MACRON (since 14 May 2017)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Élisabeth BORNE (since 16 May 2022)
  • Assembly: The French Parliament (Parlement français) is a bicameral legislature consisting of an indirectly elected upper house, the Senate (Sénat), and a lower chamber, the National Assembly (Assemblée nationale).

Electoral System:

  • The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) consists of 577 members: 556 for metropolitan France, 10 for overseas departments, and 11 for French citizens residing abroad. Members are directly elected using a single-member majoritarian system, which occurs in two rounds. A candidate may win their seat in the first round if they win an absolute majority, under the condition that this number is equal to or greater than a quarter of registered voters in their constituency. Candidates are eligible for a second round of voting should they have obtained a vote share equal to at least 12.5% of the total number of registered voters. If only one candidate meets this benchmark, then the candidate with the second highest vote share qualifies for the second round of voting.[1]
  • The 348 seats in the Senate (Sénat) are determined through indirect election and serve for six years. Using a mixed system of voting, senators are elected through indirect universal suffrage by electoral colleges. A two-round, first-past-the-post method is applied to the 70 metropolitan and overseas departments that fill one-three senatorial seats. Proportional representation is applied to the remaining 39 metropolitan and overseas departments filling four or more senatorial seats.[2]
  • The President of the Republic is elected for a five-year term using a two-round system. If a candidate fails to receive a majority of the ballot during the first round of voting, a second round is held between the two candidates who received the most votes to determine the winner.[3]
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic.[4]

Last Election:

Main Parties in this Election:

  • Alliance: Ensemble*
    • Leader: Richard FERRAND
    • Seats won in 2018 election: New (constituent parties secured 356 seats)
    • Percentage of vote won in first round: 25.75
  • Alliance: Union of the Right and the Center (UDC) / l’Union de la droite et du centre**
    • Leader: Christian JACOB
    • Seats won in 2018 election: 135 (includes all aligned parties)
    • Percentage of vote won in first round: 11.29
  • Alliance: New People’s Ecological and Social Union (NUPES) / Nouvelle union populaire écologique et sociale***
    • Leader: Jean-Luc MÉLENCHON
    • Seats won in 2018 election: New (constituent parties secured 68 seats)
    • Percentage of vote won in first round: 25.26
  • Party: National Rally (RN) / Rassemblement national
    • Leader: Marine LE PEN
    • Seats won in 2018 election: 8
    • Percentage of vote won in first round: 18.68

*The main parties which constitute Ensemble are the following:

  • Party: Renaissance (formerly Republic on the Move) / Renaissance (formerly La République En Marche! Often shortened to En Marche!, LREM, LaREM, REM)
    • Leader: Stanislas GUERINI
    • Seats won in 2018 election: 308
  • Party: Democratic Movement (MoDem) / Mouvement démocrate
    • Leader: François BAYROU
    • Seats won in 2018 election: 42
  • Party: Horizons
    • Leader: Édouard PHILIPPE
    • Seats won in 2018 election: New

**The main parties which constitute the Union of the Right and the Center (l’Union de la droite et du centre) are the following:

  • Party: The Republicans / Les Républicains
    • Leader: Stanislas GUERINI
    • Seats won in 2018 election: 112
  • Party: Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI) / Union des démocrates et indépendants
    • Leader: Jean-Christophe LEGARDE
    • Seats won in 2018 election: 18

***The main parties which constitute the Union of the Right and the Center (l’Union de la droite et du centre) are the following:

  • Party: Unsubmissive France (FI, LFI) / La France Insoumise
    • Leader: Jean-Luc MÉLENCHON
    • Seats won in 2018 election: 17
  • Party: Socialist Party (PS) / Parti socialiste
    • Leader: Olivier FAURE
    • Seats won in 2018 election: 30
  • Party: French Communist Party (PCF) / Parti communiste français
    • Leader: Fabien ROUSSEL
    • Seats won in 2018 election: 10
  • Party: Europe Ecology – The Greens (EELV) / Europe Écologie Les Verts
    • Leader : Julien BAYOU
    • Seats won in 2018 election: 0

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 68,305,148 (2022 est.)[6]
  • Registered Voters: 48,803,175 (9 March 2022)[7]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 34,621,892 (2020 est.)[8]
  • Is France a signatory to CEDAW: yes (signed 17 July 1980)[9]
  • Has France ratified CEDAW:  Yes (ratified 14 December 1983)[10]
  • Gender Quota: For the directly elected National Assembly (Assemblée nationale), the difference between the number of candidates of each sex presented by a party within France’s 577 single-member constituencies cannot exceed two percent.[11]
  • Female candidates in this election: 2,779 out of 6,293[12]
  • Number of Female Legislators: 228 out of 577 (40 percent) in the National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)[13]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 26 at 0.901 (2020)[14]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very low[15]

Disability Data:

  • Is France a signatory to CRPD: Yes (signed on 30 March 2007)[16]
  • Has France ratified CRPD: Yes (ratified on 18 February 2010)[17]
  • Estimated population with a disability: 9,422,135 (2022 est.)[18]