ElectionGudie

Jan. 30, 2022 Snap

Portugal

Portuguese Republic

Election for Assembleia da República (Portuguese Assembly of the Republic)

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • All 230 seats of the Assembly of the Republic [1].

Description of government structure [2]:

  • Chief of State: President Marcelo REBELO DE SOUSA (since 9 March 2016)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Antonio Luis Santos da COSTA (since 24 November 2015)
  • Assembly: The unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica) has 230 seats. 

Description of electoral system [2]:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority popular vote in a two-round vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and is usually the leader of the majority party or coalition.
  • The Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica) has 226 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed-list proportional representation vote, and 4 members (2 each in 2 constituencies) to represent Portuguese citizens living abroad that are directly elected by proportional representation vote. Members serve 4-year terms. 

Last Election:

  • The last Assembly of the Republic election was held on October 6th, 2019. 5,092,424 votes were cast and there was a 52% voter turnout. The Portuguese Socialist Party won 106 seats (36.65% of the vote), the Social Democratic Party won 77 seats (27.9% of the vote), the Left Bloc won 19 seats (9.67% of the vote), and the Unitary Democratic Coalition won 12 seats (6.46% of the vote). All other parties received less than 5% of the vote [3].

Main parties in this election:

  • Socialist Party (PS) / Partido Socialista
    • Leader: António COSTA
    • Seats won in last election: 108 out of 230
  • Social Democratic Party (PPD/PSD) / Partido Social Democrata
    • Leader: Rui RIO
    • Seats won in last election: 79 out of 230
  • Left Bloc (BE) / Bloco de Esquerda
    • Leader: Catarina MARTINS
    • Seats won in last election: 19 out of 230
  • Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) / Partido Comunista Portugues
    • Leader: Jerónimo de SOUSA
    • Seats won in last election: 10 out of 230

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 10,263,850 (July 2021 est.) [2]
  • Registered Voters: 9,684,922 (2019 est.) [4]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 5,390,000 (2019 est.) [5]
  • Is Portugal a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (signed 24 April 1980)
  • Has Portugal ratified CEDAW: Yes (ratified 30 July 1980) [6]
  • Gender Quota: Yes, both legislated and voluntary quotas. (Portuguese Election Law requires a minimum representation of 33% of each sex, with a financial penalty for non-compliance.) [7]
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of female legislators: 92 out of 230 [8]
  • Human Development Index Position: 0.864 (ranked 38) [9]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very low (11%) [10]

Disability Data:

  • Is Portugal a signatory to CRPD: Yes (signed 30 March 2007)
  • Has Portugal ratified CRPD: Yes (ratified 23 September 2009) [11]
  • Population with a disability: 1,623,796 (2021 est.) [12]

 

[1] https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-59160526

[2] https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/portugal/

[3] https://www.electionguide.org/elections/id/3178/

[4] https://www.idea.int/data-tools/country-view/247/40

[5] https://population.un.org/wpp/DataQuery/

[6] https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/TreatyBodyExternal/Treaty.aspx?Treaty=CEDAW&Lang=en

[7] https://www.idea.int/data-tools/data/gender-quotas/country-view/247/35

[8] https://data.ipu.org/content/portugal?chamber_id=13497

[9] http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/PRT

[10] https://www.genderindex.org/wp-content/uploads/files/datasheets/2019/PT.pdf

[11] https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-15&chapter=4&clang=_en

[12] http://electionaccess.org/en/resources/countries/?q=PORTUGAL#tab