May 9, 2022 Held


Republic of the Philippines

Election for President (Philippine President)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:53,815,484
Valid Votes:None
Invalid Votes:None

Vote Share by Candidate:

Bongbong MARCOS31,629,783


Leni ROBREDO15,035,773


Manny PACQUIAO3,663,113


Isko MORENO1,933,909


Panfilo LACSUN892,375


Faisal MANGONDATO301,629


Ernesto ABELLA114,627


Leody de GUZMAN93,027


Norberto Gonzalez90,656



Election Results Modified: Jun 22, 2022

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • This election will determine the President and Vice President of the Philippines.

*Note: This election is being held concurrently with parliamentary elections.

Description of government structure [i]:

  • Chief of State: President Rodrigo DUTERTE (since 30 June 2016)
  • Assembly: Bicameral Congress (Kongreso) that includes the 24-seat Senate (Senado) and the 304-seat House of Representatives (Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan).

*Note: The President is both the chief of state and head of government. There is also a Vice President, who is currently Leni ROBREDO (since 30 June 2016).

Description of electoral system [ii]:

  • The President and Vice President are directly elected on separate ballots by simple majority popular vote for a single 6-year term.
  • Members of the Senate (Senado) are directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by majority vote to serve 6-year terms.
  • 243 members of the House of Representatives (Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan) are elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote. 61 members who represent minority groups are directly elected by party-list proportional representation vote. Members of the House of Representatives serve 3-year terms.

Last Election [iii]:

  • The last Presidential election was held on May 9, 2016 and 43,531,338 votes were cast (78% voter turnout). Rodrigo DUTERTE won the election with 15,970,018 votes (38.6%). Manuel ROXAS won 9,700,382 votes (23.4%). Grace Natividad POE-LLAMANZARES won 8,935,733 votes (21.6%).

Main Candidates in this election:

Presidential Candidates:

  • Ernesto ABELLA
    • Party: N/A (Independent)
  • Leody de GUZMAN
    • Party: Partido Lakas ng Masa (PLM)
  • Norberto GONZALES
    • Party: Philippine Democratic Socialist Party (PDSP) / Partido Demokrtiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas
  • Panfilo LACSON
    • Party: Partido Reporma
    • Party: Katipunan
  • Bongbong MARCOS
    • Party: Partido Federal ng Pilipinas (PFP)
    • Party: Democratic Party of the Philippines (DPP)
  • Isko MORENO
    • Party: Aksyon
  • Manny PACQUIAO
    • Party: Progressive Movement for the Devolution of Initiatives (PROMDI) / Probinsya Muna Development Initiative
  • Leni ROBREDO
    • Party: N/A (Independent)

Vice Presidential Candidates:

  • Walden BELLO
    • Party: Partido Lakas ng Masa (PLM)
  • Tito SOTTO
    • Party: National People’s Coalition (NPC)
  • Carlos SERAPIO
    • Party: Katipunan
  • Sara DUTERTE
    • Party: Lakas
  • Rizalito DAVID
    • Party: Democratic Party of the Philippines (DPP)
  • Willie ONG
    • Party: Aksyon
  • Lito ATIENZA
    • Party: Progressive Movement for the Devolution of Initiatives (PROMDI) / Probinsya Muna Development Initiative
  • Francis PANGILINAN
    • Party: Liberal
  • Manny S.D. LOPEZ
    • Party: Workers’ and Peasants’ Party (WPP)*

*Note: the WPP is also known as the Labor Party Philippines.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 110,818,325 (July 2021 est.) [iv]
  • Registered Voters: 63,643,263 (2019 est.) [v]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: Not available
  • Are the Philippines a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (15 July 1980) [vi]
  • Have the Philippines ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 August 1981) [vii]
  • Gender Quota: Yes, voluntary quotas. There are no legislated quotas for the Senate nor House of Representatives, but some political parties have adopted voluntary quotas. [viii]
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of female legislators: Not available
  • Human Development Index Position: 0.718 (ranked 107) [ix]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very high (53%) [x]

Disability Data:

  • Are the Philippines a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2007) [xi]
  • Have the Philippines ratified CRPD: Yes (15 April 2008) [xii]
  • Population with a disability: 15,149,756 (2022 est.) [xiii]
Election Modified: Mar 10, 2023

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