April 28, 2019 Held


Kingdom of Spain

Election for Senado (Spanish Senate)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:26,055,457
Valid Votes:None
Invalid Votes:None

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 121

People's Party (Partido Popular) 56

Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya) 11

Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) (Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea - Partido Nacionalista Vasco) 9

Citizens - Party of the Citizenry (Ciudadanos) 4

Navarra Suma (Navarra Suma) 3

Together for Catalonia (Junts per Catalunya) 2

Basque Country Unite (EHB) (Euskal Herria Bildu) 1


Gomera Socialist Group (Agrupación Socialista Gomera) 1

United We Can (Unidos Podemos)

Canarian Coalition

In Common We Can (En Comu Podem)

Vox (Vox)

Election Results Modified: May 28, 2019

General Information

At Stake in this Election:

  • 208 seats in the Senado (Senate)

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: King FELIPE VI (since 19 June 2014)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Pedro SÁNCHEZ Pérez-Castejón
  • Assembly: Spain has a bicameral Las Cortes Generales (General Courts) composed of the Senado (Senate) and Congreso de los Diputados (Congress of Deputies). There are 266 seats in the Senate and 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies.  

Electoral System:

  • In the Senate, 208 members are directly elected in 59 multi-seat constituencies by simple majority vote, while 58 members are appointed by regional legislatures. Members of the Senate serve 4-year terms.  

Main Parties in the Election:*

* More information on the coalitions in this election is available on the Central Electoral Commission’s website. This list of parties and coalitions is based on recent polling data and is not exhaustive. Some of the parties and coalitions listed are members of multiple coalitions.

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 46,722,980
  • Registered Voters: 36,893,976

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 23,656,549 (2019 est.)
  • Is Spain a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Spain ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 January 1984)
  • Gender Quota: Yes
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 137 (39.1%) of 350 in Congress; 101 (38%) of 266 in the Senate
  • Human Development Index Position: 26 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very Low (2019)

Disability Data:

  • Is Spain a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Spain ratified CRPD: Yes (3 December 2007)
  • Population with a disability: 7,221,920 (est.) 
Election Modified: May 10, 2024

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