Dec. 19, 2018 Held


Republic of Madagascar

Election for Malagasy Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:4,738,705
Valid Votes:None
Invalid Votes:None

Vote Share by Candidate:

Andry RAJOELINA2,567,142


Marc RAVALOMANANA2,052,823

Election Results Modified: Jan 02, 2019

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Madagascar.

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA*
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Christian NTSAY
  • Assembly: Madagascar has a bicameral Parliament currently consisting of the Council of the Transition (90 members) and the Congress of the Transition (256 members).

* As required by law, President RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA has stepped down to run for re-election. Vice President Riko RAKOTOVAO will serve as temporary president during the electoral period.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:*

    • Young Malagasies Determined / Tanora malaGasy Vonona (TGV)
    • Tiako I Madagasikara (TIM)

* There were 36 total candidates in the first round. 

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 26,262,810 (2018 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 7,971,790 (2013)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 13,163,932 (2018 est.)
  • Is Madagascar a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Madagascar ratified CEDAW: Yes (17 March 1989)
  • Gender Quota: No
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 32 (following the 2010 elections)
  • Human Development Index Position: 161 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

  • Is Madagascar a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2007)
  • Has Madagascar ratified CRPD: Yes (12 June 2015)
  • Population with a disability: 3,571,902 (2018 est.)
Election Modified: May 10, 2024

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