At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Uruguay
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Jose “Pepe” MUJICA Cordano (since 1 March 2010)*
- Head of Government: President Jose “Pepe MUJICA Cordano (since 1 March 2010) **
- Assembly: Uruguay has a bicameral General Assembly (Asamblea General) consisting of the Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) with 30 seats and the Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) with 99 seats.
* The electoral system is two-round.
** The president is both the chief of state and head of government.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote to serve a 5-year term.*
- In the Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores), 30 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms and 1 member Vice President) is ex officio.** In the Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) 99 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.***
* The President may not serve consecutive terms
** There is one nationwide district. One party may field multiple lists. Under the double simultaneous vote (DSV), the voter must vote for one of the lists fielded by the same party she has chosen in a Presidential contest. The Vice President is ex officio presiding officer of the Senate.
*** There are 19 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the country's departments. The minimum magnitude is two. One party may field multiple lists. Under the double simultaneous vote (DSV), the voter must vote for one of the lists fielded by the same party she has chosen in a Presidential contest.
- On Sunday 30 November 2014, Uruguay will hold the runoff election (2nd round) for president.[i] The first round of the presidential election was held on Sunday 26 OCtober 2014. Preliminary results have Tabare VAZQUEZ of Broad Front (FA) winning 47.2 percent of the vote, while his opponent Luis Alberto LACALLE Pou of the National Party winning 30.5 percent, and Colorado Party (PC) candidate Pedro BORDABERRY winning 12.7 percent. Electoral law stipulates that a runoff election is required if no candidate reaches a majority of the votes in the first round. Mr. VAZQUEZ and Mr. LACALLE received the most votes and will face each other in the second round on Sunday 30 November 2014.
Main Candidates in the electoral race:
- Candidate: Tabare VAZQUEZ[ii]
- Candidate: Luis Alberto LACALLE Pou
- Party: National Party / Partido Nacional *
* The National Party is also known as the “White Party / Partido Blanco”
- The last election President of Uruguay was held on 29 November 2009.[iii] Turnout was 89.91 percent and 2,304,686 of 2,563,250 people casted ballots.[iv] Jose MUJICA of Broad Front ran against Luis Alberto LACALLE of the National Party. Mr. MUJICA won 53.33 percent of the vote while Mr. LACALLE won 44.28 percent.[v] Results can be found here.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Female Population: 1,723,233 (July 2014 est)[i]
- Is Uruguay a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (since 30 March 1981)[ii]
- Has Uruguay ratified CEDAW: Yes (9 October 1981)[iii]
- Gender Quota: Yes: “Legislated Candidate Quotas” The Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) and the Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes). Also, a “Voluntary Political Party Quota” for the Socialist Party of Uruguay (PS).[iv]
- Female Candidates in this election: None.
- Number of Female Legislators: 14 (14%) of 99 seats in the Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes (2009) and 4 (13%) of 31 seats in Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) (2009)[v]
- Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 50[vi]
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: Not Ranked (latest rankings are from 2012)[vii]
[ii] Mr. VAZQUEZ was President of Uruguay from 2005 to 2010.