IFES

Oct. 1, 2006 Held

Brazil

Federative Republic of Brazil

Election for President

Results

Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:104,724,120
Valid Votes:95,996,733
Invalid Votes:8,727,387

Candidates:

Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA46,662,365

48.61

Geraldo José Rodrigues ALCKMIN FILHO39,968,369

41.64

Heloísa Helena Lima de Moraes CARVALHO6,575,393

6.85

Cristovam Ricardo Calvacanti BUARQUE2,538,844

2.64

Ana Maria Teixeira RANGEL126,404

0.1316753144088768

José Maria EYMAEL63,294

0.06593349379921085

Luciano Caldas BIVAR62,064

0.0646522001951879

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Brazil

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA *
  • Head of Government: President Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA
  • Assembly: Brazil has a bicameral National Congress (Congresso Nacional) consisting of the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) with 81 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) with 513 seats.

* The president is both the chief of state and head of government. The President is elected by majority vote to serve a 4-year term for a maximum of two mandates. Presidential elections take place under a two-round majority run-off system.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) 81 members are elected by plurality vote to serve 8-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) 513 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.

* One-third of the senators (27 seats) are elected after a four-year period, and two-thirds (54 seats) are elected after the next four-year period.

Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:

  • Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA
    • Party: Workers' Party / (PT)
  • Geraldo José Rodrigues ALCKMIN FILHO
    • Party: Brazilian Social Democracy Party / (PSDB)

Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:

  • Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA
    • Party: Workers' Party / (PT)
  • Geraldo José Rodrigues ALCKMIN FILHO
    • Party: Brazilian Social Democracy Party / (PSDB)
  • Heloísa Helena Lima de Moraes CARVALHO
    • Party: Socialism and Freedom Party (PSOL)
  • Cristovam Ricardo Calvacanti BUARQUE
    • Party: Democratic Labor Party / (PDT)
  • Ana Maria Teixeira RANGEL
    • Party: Progressive Republican Party / (PRP)
  • Luciano Caldas BIVAR
    • Party: Social Liberal Party / (PSL)
  • José Maria EYMAEL
    • Party: Social Democratic Christian Party / (PSDC)

Last Presidential election:

  • The last presidential election was held on 6 October 2002 with a runoff on October 27. In the second round, Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA (PT) was elected with 61.3% of the vote against José SERRA (PSDB) who obtained 38.7%.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 188,078,227 (July 2006 )
  • Registered Voters: 125,913,479 (June 2006 )

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 96,633,454 (2006)

·         Is Brazil a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (31 March 1981)

·         Has Brazil ratified CEDAW: Yes (1 February 1984)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 45 (Chamber of Deputies); 4 (Federal Senate) (following 2006 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 75 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Brazil a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Brazil ratified CRPD: Yes (1 August 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 28,211,734 (est.)