Sept. 9, 2012 Held

Hong Kong

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Election for Hong Kong Legislative Council


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:1,815,448
Valid Votes:1,815,448
Invalid Votes:0

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (民主建港協進聯盟) 13 - 366,140


Democratic Party 6 - 247,220


Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (香港工會聯合會) 6 - 127,857


Civic Party (公民黨) 6 - 255,007


Liberal Party 5 - 48,702


Labour Party (工黨) 4 - 112,140

Election Results Modified: Jul 15, 2012

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 70 seats in the Legislative Council (LEGCO)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President of China HU Jintao
  • Head of Government: Chief Executive LEUNG Chun-ying
  • Assembly: Hong Kong has a unicameral Legislative Council (LEGCO) with 70 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President of China is elected by indirect vote to serve a 5-year term.*
  • The Chief Executive is indirectly elected by an electoral college.
  • In the Legislative Council (LEGCO), 35 members are elected by plurality vote to serve 4-year terms and 35 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

* The President of China is elected by indirect vote by an 800-member election committee to serve a 5-year term.

*** Hong Kong separates its tiers into what it calls Functional Constituencies (FCs) and Geographical Constituencies (GCs). All but two of the Functional Constituencies districts have a district magnitude of one. These are the FCs of Labour (3 seats) and District Council (second) with 5 seats. Rules vary for each functional constituency. 24 out of the 29 FCs elect one member through plurality vote in a single member district. Four FCs (Heung Yee Kuk, Agriculture and Fisheries, Insurance, and Transport) elect one MP through Alternative Vote. The District Council (second) FC uses closed-list PR to elect 4 MPs. Party list seats are allocated using the Hare quota.

Main parties in the electoral race:

* Previously known as the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 7,154,600 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: 3,474,542 (September 2012 Approx.)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 3,802,312 (2012)

·         Is Hong Kong a signatory to CEDAW: N/A

·         Has Hong Kong ratified CEDAW: N/A

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 11 (following the 2012 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 12 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Hong Kong a signatory to CRPD: N/A

·         Has Hong Kong ratified CRPD: N/A

·         Population with a disability: 1,073,190 (est.)

Election Modified: May 10, 2024

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