Hong Kong

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

7,490,776 7

Population (as of Feb. 8, 2019)

Elections in our database


Registered Voters (as of )

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Hong Kong Legislative Council Assembly

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President of China XI Jinping
  • Head of Government: Chief Executive Carrie LAM
  • Assembly: Hong Kong has a unicameral Legislative Council with 70 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President of China is elected by indirect vote to serve a 5-year term. *
  • The Chief Executive is indirectly elected by an electoral college.
  • In the Legislative Council (), 35 members are elected by plurality vote to serve 4-year terms and 35 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

* The President of China is elected by indirect vote by an 800-member election committee to serve a 5-year term.

*** Hong Kong separates its tiers into what it calls Functional Constituencies (FCs) and Geographical Constituencies (GCs). All but two of the Functional Constituencies districts have a district magnitude of one. These are the FCs of Labour (3 seats) and District Council (second) with 5 seats. Rules vary for each functional constituency. 24 out of the 29 FCs elect one member through plurality vote in a single member district. Four FCs (Heung Yee Kuk, Agriculture and Fisheries, Insurance, and Transport) elect one MP through Alternative Vote. The District Council (second) FC uses closed-list PR to elect 4 MPs. Party list seats are allocated using the Hare quota.

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Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Hong Kong Legislative Council 1998-05-24 1,480,240 2,800,000 52.87%
Hong Kong Legislative Council 2000-09-10 1,331,080 3,055,378 43.57%
Hong Kong Legislative Council 2004-09-12 1,784,406 3,207,227 55.64%
Hong Kong Legislative Council 2008-09-07 1,524,249 3,372,007 45.2%
Hong Kong Legislative Council 2012-09-09 1,815,448 3,474,542 52.25%
Hong Kong Legislative Council 2016-09-04 2,202,283 3,779,085 58.28%
Hong Kong Legislative Council 2021-12-19 - - -

Voter Turnout