Nov. 20, 2011 Held


Kingdom of Spain

Election for Senado (Spanish Senate)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:24,483,672
Valid Votes:23,578,950
Invalid Votes:904,722

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Popular Party 136

Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 48

Convergence and Union 9

Entesa Catalonia de Progres 7

Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) (Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea - Partido Nacionalista Vasco) 4


Canary Coalition 1

Election Results Modified: Jul 10, 2015

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 208 seats in the Senate (Senado)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King JUAN CARLOS I
  • Head of Government: President of the Government Jose Luis RODRIGUEZ ZAPATERO
  • Assembly: Spain has a bicameral The General Courts (Las Cortes Generales) consisting of the Senate (Senado) with 259 seats and the Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados) with 350 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The King is the hereditary head of government.
  • The President of the Government is elected by parliament.
  • In the Senate (Senado), 208 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 51 members are appointed by regional legislatures to serve 4-year terms. In the Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados) 350 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 46,742,697 (2011)
  • Registered Voters: 35,779,208 (November 2011)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 23,654,920 (2011)

·         Is Spain a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Spain ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 January 1984)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 126 (Congress of Deputies); 88 (Senate) following the 2011 elections

·         Human Development Index Position: 26 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Spain a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007): 

·         Has Spain ratified CRPD: Yes (3 December 2007)

·         Population with a disability: 7,011,404 (est.)

Election Modified: Aug 17, 2023

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