At stake in this election:
- 13 seats in the Senate
- 16 seats in the House of Delegates
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Tommy Esang REMENGESAU, Jr
- Head of Government: President Tommy Esang REMENGESAU, Jr
- Assembly: Palau has a bicameral Parliament (Olbiil Era Kelulau) consisting of the Senate with 13 seats and the House of Delegates with 16 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Senate 13 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms*. In the House of Delegates 16 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.
* Every voter may choose as many candidates as there are seats. All candidates compete in one, at-large district and the candidates who receive the most votes are elected. This is also known as a Block voting system. This was the first election where this system was used. It was also the first election where the seat total was raised from 9 to 13.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 21,093 (July 2008 est.)
- Registered Voters: 14,289 (2008)
· Female Population: N/A
· Is Palau a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (20 September 2011)
· Has Palau ratified CEDAW: No
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: N/A
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 0
· Human Development Index Position: 60 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
· Is Palau a signatory to CRPD: Yes (20 September 2011)
· Has Palau ratified CRPD: Yes (11 June 2013)
· Population with a disability: 2,970 (est.)