March 24, 2008 Held


Kingdom of Bhutan

Election for Gyelyong Tshogdu (Bhutanese National Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:253,012
Valid Votes:253,012
Invalid Votes:0

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Druk Phuensum Tshogpa 45 - 169,490


People's Democratic Party 2 - 83,522

Election Results Modified: Mar 18, 2016

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 47 seats in the National Assembly

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Kinzang DORJI
  • Assembly: Bhutan has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Council with 25 seats and the National Assembly with 47 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The King is hereditary N/A.
  • In the National Council, 20 members are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 5 members are appointed by the monarch to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly 47 members are elected by majority vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* Members of the upper house National Council cannot belong to any political party.

** Members of the lower house National Assembly represent political parties.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: People's Democratic Party
    • Leader: Sangay NGEDUP
    • Seats won in this National Assembly election: 3
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Druk Phuensum Tshogpa
    • Leader: Jigme Y THINLEY
    • Seats won in this National Assembly election: 44
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 634,982 (May 2005 census; 672,425 including expatriates)
  • Registered Voters: 318,465 (March 2008 )

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 322,470 (2008)

·         Is Bhutan a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Bhutan ratified CEDAW: Yes (31 August 1981)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 4 (National Assembly) (following 2008 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 132 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Bhutan a signatory to CRPD: Yes (21 September 2010)

·         Has Bhutan ratified CRPD: No

·         Population with a disability: 95,247 (est.)

Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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