Sept. 29, 2023 Held


Kingdom of Eswatini

Election for Swazi House of Assembly

General Information

At Stake in this Election: 

  • 59 seats of the House of Assembly  

Government Structure:  

  • Chief of State: King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986) 

  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Cleopas DLAMINI (since 19 July 2021) 

  • Assembly: bicameral Parliament (Libandla) with a Senate and House of Assembly 

Electoral System:  

  • The King is a hereditary monarch. 

  • The Prime Minister is selected out of the House of Assembly by the King. 

  • In the Senate, 20 members are appointed by the King and 10 are indirectly elected by plurality vote of the House of Assembly. Members serve 5-year terms, and there may be up to 31 members in total. 

  • In the House of Assembly, up to 60 members (1 for each tinkhundla administrative area) are directly elected by absolute majority vote in up to two rounds. An additional 10 members and the attorney general are appointed by the King, and 1 female candidate from each of the four regions is indirectly elected. Members serve 5-year terms, and there may be up to 76 members in total. 

Last Election: 

In 2018, independent candidates won 59 seats in the House of Assembly and voter turnout was 60.5%. 

Key Deadlines: 

  • Candidate filing deadline: 23 July 2023 

  • Voter registration deadline: 18 June 2023 

Main Candidates in this Election: 

All candidates run as independents. 

Population and Registered Voters: 

Gender Data: 

Disability Data: 

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in eSwatini: No 

  • Election Access: Yes 

  • Election Judgements: Yes, 1 judgment and 2 resources

Election Modified: Oct 11, 2023

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