Sept. 25, 2022 Held

Sao Tome and Principe

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe

Election for Assembleia Nacional (Sao Tomean National Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:80,974
Valid Votes:78,085
Invalid Votes:2,889

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Independent Democratic Action (IDA) 30 - 36,549


MLSTP - Social Democratic Party (MLSTP) 18 - 25,531


Socialist Party (MCI) 5 - 5,120


Basta Movement (PCD-GR) 2 - 6,874


Results Notes

Results Source: Diário da República nº 73/2022, SERIE I de 07-10-2022

Election Results Modified: May 14, 2024

General Information

At Stake in this Election:        

  • 55 members of the National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President Carlos VILA NOVA 

  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Jorge BOM JESUS 

  • Assembly: A unicameral National Assembly with 55 members 

Electoral System: 

  • The President is elected by direct universal suffrage, in which they must receive an outright majority. They are elected to a five-year term, with a limit of two consecutive terms. 

  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. 

  • The 55 members of the National Assembly are elected by closed list proportional representation in seven multi-member constituencies. They are elected to a four-year term. 

Main Parties in this Election:  

  • Independent Democratic Action / Acção Democrática Independente 

  • Leader: Patrice TROVOADA 

  • Seats won in last election: 25 

  • Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe – Social Democratic Party / Movimento de Libertação de São Tomé e Príncipe – Partido Social Democrata 

  • Leader: Jorge BOM JESUS 

  • Seats won in last election: 23 

  • Democratic Convergence Party-Reflection Group / Partido de Convergência Democrática-Grupo de Reflexão  

  • Leader: Leonel Mário D'ALVA 

  • Seats won in last election: 5 

  • Movement of Independent Citizens of São Tomé and Príncipe / Movimento Cidadãos Independentes de São Tomé e Príncipe 

  • Leader: António MONTEIRO 

  • Seats won in last election: 2 

Population and Registered Voters: 

  • Population: 217,164 (2022 est.)

  • Registered Voters: 97,274 (2018) 

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 105,718 (2022 est.)2 

  • Is São Tomé and Príncipe a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (31 Oct 1995)3 

  • Has São Tomé and Príncipe ratified CEDAW: Yes (03 Jun 2003)4 

  • Gender Quota: Yes, at least 30% of candidates must be female.

  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes 

  • Number of Female Legislators (pre-election): 13 out of 55 (23.6%)6 

  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 138 at 0.6187 

  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A 

Disability Data: 

  • Is São Tomé and Príncipe a signatory to CRPD: No 

  • Has São Tomé and Príncipe ratified CRPD: Yes (Accession) (05 Nov 2015)8 

  • Population with a disability: 29,101 (2022 est.)

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in São Tomé and Príncipe: No 


1. https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/sao-tome-and-principe/#people-and-society

2. https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/sao-tome-and-principe/#people-and-society

3. https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/TreatyBodyExternal/Treaty.aspx?Treaty=CEDAW&Lang=en

4. https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/TreatyBodyExternal/Treaty.aspx?Treaty=CEDAW&Lang=en

5. https://data.ipu.org/content/sao-tome-and-principe?chamber_id=13521

6. https://data.ipu.org/women-ranking?month=6&year=2022

7. https://hdr.undp.org/data-center/specific-country-data#/countries/STP 

8. https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/TreatyBodyExternal/Treaty.aspx?Treaty=CEDAW&Lang=en

9. http://electionaccess.org/en/resources/countries/?q=sao#tab 


Election Modified: Aug 02, 2023

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