At Stake in this Election:
On 25 July 2022, Tunisian voters will head to the polls to participate in a referendum regarding the structure of the government and its constitution*. These changes would shift the country away from the hybrid president-parliamentary system established in the 2014 constitution and towards a more presidential system.1
The question on the ballot is as follows:
"Do you support the new draft constitution for the Tunisian republic?"2
Tunisian voters may indicate their preference by responding “YES” or “NO” to the question.
*These changes come after a suspension of government and dismissal of the Prime Minister by President Kais SAIED in July of 2021. While a new Prime Minister was named in September of 2021, the parliament will remain in suspension with President SAIED ruling by decree until December of 2022.3
Chief of State: President Kais SAIED
Head of Government: Prime Minister Najla BOUDEN
Assembly: Tunisia has a unicameral National Constituent Assembly (al-Majlis al-Waṭanī at-Ta'sīsī) with 217 seats.
The President is elected by absolute majority popular vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
The Prime Minister is chosen by the parliament, after legislative elections, and is usually the leader of the majority party (or coalition). The Prime Minister is asked to form a government by the president.
In the Tunisian Constituent Assembly, 217 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system with the largest remainder method.
Population and Registered Voters:
Population: 11,896,972 (2022 est.)4
Registered Voters: 7,065,885 (2019)5
Female Population: 5,900,178 (2022 est.)6
Is Tunisia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (24 Jul 1980)7
Has Tunisia ratified CEDAW: Yes (20 Sep 1985)8
Gender Quota: Yes. The electoral law requires gender parity on the lists, and all candidates lists presented must alternatively rank women and men.9
Number of Female Legislators: 57 out of 217 (26.3%)10
Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 95 at 0.74 (2020)11
Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium at 0.1986 (2014)12
Is Tunisia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 Mar 2007)13
Has Tunisia ratified CRPD: Yes (2 Apr 2008)14
Population with a disability: 1,655,584 (2022 est.)15
Does IFES have a presence in Tunisia: Yes, Field Office16