At Stake in this Election:
- The Office of the President of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
- Chief of State: President Francisco GUTERRES (since 20 May 2017)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Taur Matan RUAK (since 22 June 2018)
- Assembly: The National Parliament (Parlamentu Nasionál / Parlamento Nacional) is a unicameral legislature consisting of 65 seats.
Electoral System: 
- The President of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste is elected to a five-year term using a two-round system, in which candidates must receive an absolute majority of the popular vote to win office.
- The National Parliament (Parlamentu Nasionál / Parlamento Nacional) is a unicameral legislature consisting of 65 seats, in which members are directly elected to five-year terms using list proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency.
- The first round of voting occurred on 19 March 2022, in which 664,106 out of 859,613 registered voters (77.26 percent) cast a ballot. 
- The last presidential elections in Timor-Leste were held on 20 March 2017, while the most recent elections were held for the National Parliament (Parlamentu Nasionál / Parlamento Nacional) on 12 May 2018.
Main Candidates in this Election: 
- Candidate: José Ramos HORTA
- Party: National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction (CNRT) / Congresso Nacional de Reconstrução de Timor
- First-Round Results: 303,477 out of 651,859 total votes (46.6%)
- Candidate: Francisco “Lú-Olo” GUTERRES
- Party: Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) / Frente Revolucionária de Timor-Leste Independente
- First-Round Results: 144,282 out of 651,859 total votes (22.1%)
- Female Population: 692,237 (July 2021 est.) 
- Is Timor-Leste a signatory to CEDAW: No 
- Has Timor-Leste ratified CEDAW: Acceded on 16 April 2003 
- Gender Quota: Yes, there are legislated gender quotas. One out of every group of three candidates on electoral lists must be a woman. 
- Female candidates in this election: Four out of the sixteen candidates who participated in the first round of voting were women, but none progressed to the second round. 
- Number of Female Legislators: 26 out of 65 seats are held by women. 
- Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 141 at 0.606 (2020) 
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A