April 19, 2022 Held


Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Election for Timorese Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:646,389
Valid Votes:640,967
Invalid Votes:5,422

Vote Share by Candidate:

José RAMOS-HORTA398,028


Francisco GUTERRES242,939

Election Results Modified: Apr 26, 2022

General Information

At Stake in this Election:        

  • The Office of the President of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President Francisco GUTERRES (since 20 May 2017) 
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Taur Matan RUAK (since 22 June 2018) 
  • Assembly: The National Parliament (Parlamentu Nasionál / Parlamento Nacional) is a unicameral legislature consisting of 65 seats. 

Electoral System: [1]

  • The President of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste is elected to a five-year term using a two-round system, in which candidates must receive an absolute majority of the popular vote to win office. 
  • The National Parliament (Parlamentu Nasionál / Parlamento Nacional) is a unicameral legislature consisting of 65 seats, in which members are directly elected to five-year terms using list proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency.  

Last Election: 

  • The first round of voting occurred on 19 March 2022, in which 664,106 out of 859,613 registered voters (77.26 percent) cast a ballot. [2]
  • The last presidential elections in Timor-Leste were held on 20 March 2017, while the most recent elections were held for the National Parliament (Parlamentu Nasionál / Parlamento Nacional) on 12 May 2018. 

Main Candidates in this Election: [3]

  • Candidate: José Ramos HORTA 
    • Party: National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction (CNRT) / Congresso Nacional de Reconstrução de Timor 
    • First-Round Results: 303,477 out of 651,859 total votes (46.6%) 
  • Candidate: Francisco “Lú-Olo” GUTERRES 
    • Party: Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) / Frente Revolucionária de Timor-Leste Independente 
    • First-Round Results: 144,282 out of 651,859 total votes (22.1%) 

Population and Registered Voters: 

  • Population: 1,413,958 (July 2021 est.) [4]
  • Registered Voters: 859,613 (2022) [5]

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 692,237 (July 2021 est.) [6] 
  • Is Timor-Leste a signatory to CEDAW: No [7]
  • Has Timor-Leste ratified CEDAW: Acceded on 16 April 2003 [8]
  • Gender Quota: Yes, there are legislated gender quotas. One out of every group of three candidates on electoral lists must be a woman. [9]
  • Female candidates in this election: Four out of the sixteen candidates who participated in the first round of voting were women, but none progressed to the second round. [10] 
  • Number of Female Legislators: 26 out of 65 seats are held by women. [11] 
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 141 at 0.606 (2020) [12]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A [13]
Election Modified: Dec 08, 2022

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With Participation Rates