April 3, 2022 Held

Costa Rica

Republic of Costa Rica

Election for Costa Rican Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:1,940,799
Valid Votes:1,890,785
Invalid Votes:50,014

Vote Share by Candidate:

Rodrigo Chaves Robles1,018,454


José María Figueres Olsen908,816

Election Results Modified: Apr 21, 2022

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The Presidency of Costa Rica, as well as the 1st and 2nd Vice President positions[i]*

*Note: this election is a run-off election that follows the primary election held on February 6th, 2022. More information about that election can be found here.

Description of government structure[ii]:

  • Chief of State: President Carlos ALVARADO Quesada (since 8 May 2018)*
  • Assembly: The unicameral Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa).

*Note: The President is both the chief of state and head of government. There is also a First Vice President and Second Vice President elected on the same ballot as the president.

Description of electoral system[iii]:

  • The president and vice presidents are directly on the same ballot by modified majority popular vote (40% threshold) for a 4-year term.
  • The Legislative Assembly has 57 seats and is directly elected in multi-seat constituencies corresponding to the country’s 7 provinces. Members serve 4-year terms.

Last Election[iv]:

  • The last presidential election was a primary held on February 6th, 2022. Jose Maria Figueres won 27.26% of the vote and Rodrigo Chavez Robles won 16.70% of the vote,

Main Candidates in this election*:

  • National Liberation Party (PLN) / Partido Liberación Nacional
    • President: Jose Maria FIGUERES
    • First Vice President: Alvaro Ramirez BOGANTES
    • Second Vice President: Laura Arguedas MEJIA
  • Social Democratic Progress Party (PPSD) / Partido Progreso Social Democrático
    • President: Rodrigo Chaves ROBLES
    • First Vice President: Stephan Brunner NEIBIG
    • Second Vice President: Mary Munive ANGERMULLER

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 5,151,140 (July 2021 est.)[v]
  • Registered Voters: 3,322,329 (2018 est.)[vi]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: Not available
  • Is Costa Rica a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (signed 17 July 1980)[vii]
  • Has Costa Rica ratified CEDAW: Yes (ratified 4 April 1986)[viii]
  • Gender Quota: Yes, both legislated and voluntary quotas. (Costa Rican election law requires that ‘all delegations, electoral lists and other entities’ must be composed of 50% of each gender.)[ix]
  • Female candidates in this election: No
  • Number of female legislators: 26 out of 57[x]
  • Human Development Index Position: 0.810 (ranked 62)[xi]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (28%)[xii]

Disability Data:

  • Is Costa Rica a signatory to CRPD: Yes (signed 30 March 2007)[xiii]
  • Has Costa Rica ratified CRPD: Yes (ratified 1 October 2008)[xiv]
  • Population with a disability: 722,122 (2022 est.)[xv]
Election Modified: Mar 10, 2023

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With Participation Rates