ElectionGudie

April 3, 2022 Held

5,711,925
Voted
Hungary

Hungary

Election for Országgyűlés (Hungarian National Assembly)

Results

69%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:5,711,925
Valid Votes:5,654,860
Invalid Votes:57,065

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

FIDESZ - Christian Democratic People's Party 135 - 3,060,706

54.13%

United for Hungary 57 - 1,947,331

34.44%

Our Homeland Movement 6 - 332,487

5.88%

National Self-Government of Germans in Hungary 1 - 24,630

0.44%

More Info:

At Stake in this Election: 

  • 199 seats in the National Assembly (Országgyűlés) of Hungary. 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President János ÁDER (since 10 May 2012) 
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Viktor ORBÁN (since 29 May 2010) 
  • Assembly: The National Assembly (Országgyűlés) is a unicameral legislature comprised of 199 seats. 

Electoral System: 

  • The National Assembly (Országgyűlés) is a unicameral legislature whose 199 members are elected using a system of mixed-member proportional representation. The first 106 seats are determined in single-member constituencies using a first-past-the-post system. The remaining 93 members are determined using proportional representation in a single countrywide constituency. Parties which run alone in the national constituency must surpass a five percent threshold to obtain seats. Similarly, two parties sharing a joint list must receive at least ten percent of the vote to gain representation, while joint lists consisting of three or more parties must surpass a fifteen percent threshold. While seats in the nationwide constituency are distributed proportionally, surplus votes are accounted for using the d’Hondt method. [1]

Last Election: 

  • The previous parliamentary elections were held on 8 April 2018. 

Main Parties in this Election: 

  • Coalition: Fidesz-KDNP Party Alliance* / Fidesz–KDNP Pártszövetség
    • Leader: Viktor ORBÁN 
    • Seats won in last election: 133 
  • Coalition: United for Hungary** / Egységben Magyarországért 
    • Leader: Péter MÁRKI-ZAY 
    • Seats won in last election: New 
  • Party: Our Homeland Movement / Mi Hazánk  
    • Leader: László TOROCZKAI 
    • Seats won in last election: Did not exist (currently possesses 2 seats) 

* The “Fidesz-KDNP Party Alliance” is comprised of the following: 

**The “United Hungary” coalition consists of six parties, five of which maintain parliamentary representation: 

  • Party: Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) / Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom 
    • Leader: Péter JAKAB 
    • Seats won in last election: 26 (currently possesses 17 seats) 
  • Party: Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) / Magyar Szocialista Párt 
    • Leaders: Bertalan TÓTH and Ágnes KUNHALMI 
    • Seats won in last election: 17 (currently possesses 15 seats) 
  • Party: Dialogue for Hungary (Párbeszéd) / Párbeszéd Magyarországért 
    • Leaders: Gergely KARÁCSONY and TÍMEA SZABÓ 
    • Seats won in last election: 3 (currently possesses 5 seats) 
  • Party: Democratic Coalition / Demokratikus Koalíció 
    • Leader: Ferenc GYURCSÁNY 
    • Seats won in last election: 9 
  • Party: LMP – Hungary’s Green Party (LMP) / LMP – Magyarország Zöld Pártja 
    • Leaders: Máté KANÁSZ-NAGY and Erzsébet SCHMUCK 
    • Seats won in last election: 8 (currently possesses 6) 

Population and Registered Voters: 

  • Population: 9,728,337 (July 2021 est.) [2]
  • Registered Voters: 8,222,215 (March 2022 est.) [3]

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 5,111,556 (2020 est.) [4]
  • Is Hungary a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (signed 6 June 1980) [5]
  • Has Hungary ratified CEDAW:  Yes (ratified 22 December 1980) [6]
  • Gender Quota: There are no legislated gender quotas in Hungary. [7]
  • Female candidates in this election: N/A 
  • Number of Female Legislators: 26 out of 199 [8]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 40 at 0.854 (2020) [9]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low [10]