IFES

March 9, 2022 Held

South Korea

Republic of Korea

Election for President

Results

Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:34,067,853
Valid Votes:33,760,311
Invalid Votes:307,542

Candidates:

Suk-yeol YOON16,394,816

48.56

Jae-myung LEE16,147,737

47.83

Sang-jung SIM803,358

2.38

Kyung-young HUH281,481

0.8337630539007771

More Info:

At Stake in this Election:        

  • The Office of the President of the Republic of Korea. 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President MOON Jae-in (since 10 May 2017) 
  • Head of Government: President MOON Jae-in (since 10 May 2017) 
  • Assembly: The National Assembly of the Republic of Korea (Daehanminguk Gukhoe or Kuk Hoe / 대한민국 국회 大韓民國 國會) is a unicameral legislature consisting of 300 seats. 

Electoral System: 

  • The President of the Republic of Korea is elected to a five-year term using a single round plurality voting system and is limited to serving a single term. [1]
  • The National Assembly (Kuk Hoe) is a unicameral institution consisting of 300 seats, of which 253 are directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote. The remaining 47 seats are elected in a single national constituency using a system of proportional representation.* All members of the National Assembly serve four-year terms. [2]

* The method of seat distribution for the 47 members determined by proportional representation was amended following the passage of an electoral reform bill on 27 December 2019. [3] Thirty of those seats are now determined using a new compensatory system, while the remaining seats continue to be decided by the parallel voting systems that had existed prior to the reform. [4] The reform is expected to boost the presence of minor parties in the National Assembly and has consequently attracted backlash from main parties. [5]

Last Election: 

  • The last elections in the Republic of Korea were held on 15 April 2020 for the National Assembly (Kuk Hoe), while the last presidential elections were held on 9 May 2017. 

Main Candidates in this Election: 

Population and Registered Voters: 

  • Population: 51,715,162 (July 2021 est.) [6] 
  • Registered Voters: 43,994,247 (April 2020) [7]

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 25,791,849 (July 2021 est.) [8]
  • Is South Korea a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (25 May 1983) [9]
  • Has South Korea ratified CEDAW: Yes (27 December 1984) [10] 
  • Gender Quota: Yes, there are legislated gender quotas. Half of all candidates nominated for seats determined by list proportional representation and 30 percent of candidates running in single-seat constituencies must be women. [11]
  • Female candidates in this election: One of the four major candidates is a woman. 
  • Number of Female Legislators: 57 out of 300 seats are held by women. [12]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 23 at 0.916 (2020) [13]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low [14]