Feb. 6, 2022 Held

Costa Rica

Republic of Costa Rica

Election for Costa Rican Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:1,818,725
Valid Votes:None
Invalid Votes:None

Vote Share by Candidate:

José María Figueres Olsen497,966


Rodrigo Chaves Robles305,157


Fabricio Alvarado Muñoz270,800


Lineth Saborio Chaverri225,866


Eliécer Feinzaig Mintz225,239


José María Villalta Florez-Estrada158,991

Election Results Modified: Mar 04, 2022

General Information

Note: Candidates who recieved less than 5% of the vote are excluded from results.

At stake in this election:

  • The Presidency of Costa Rica, as well as the 1st and 2nd Vice President positions [i]*

*Note: this election is being held concurrently with the Costa Rican Parliamentary election.

Description of government structure [ii]:

  • Chief of State: President Carlos ALVARADO Quesada (since 8 May 2018)*.
  • Assembly: The unicameral Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa).

*Note: The President is both the chief of state and head of government. There is also a First Vice President and Second Vice President elected on the same ballot as the president.

Description of electoral system [iii]:

  • The president and vice presidents are directly on the same ballot by modified majority popular vote (40% threshold) for a 4-year term.
  • The Legislative Assembly has 57 seats and is directly elected in multi-seat constituencies corresponding to the country’s 7 provinces. Members serve 4-year terms.

Last Election [iv]:

  • The last presidential election was held on April 1, 2018. Carlos Alvarado Quesada won 60.59% of the vote (1,322,908 votes). Fabricio Alvarado Munoz recieved 39.41% of the vote (860,388 votes).

Main Candidates in this election*: 

  • National Liberation Party (PLN) / Partido Liberación Nacional
    • President: Jose Maria FIGUERES
    • First Vice President: Alvaro Ramirez BOGANTES
    • Second Vice President: Laura Arguedas MEJIA
  • Social Christian Unity Party (PUSC) / Partido Unidad Social Cristiana
    • President: Lineth SABORIO
    • First Vice President: Franco Pacheco ARCE
    • Second Vice President: Gabriela de San Ramon AGUILAR
  • Broad Front (FA) / Frente Amplio
    • President: Jose Maria VILLALTA
    • First Vice President: Patricia Mora CASTELLANOS
    • Second Vice President: Gerardo Hernandez NARANJO
  • New Republic Party (PNR) / Partido Nueva República
    • President: Fabricio Alvarado MUNOZ
    • First Vice President: Francisco Prendas RODRIGUEZ
    • Second Vice President: Alexandra Loria BEECHE
  • Social Democratic Progress Party (PPSD) / Partido Progreso Social Democrático
    • President: Rodrigo Chaves ROBLES
    • First Vice President: Stephan Brunner NEIBIG
    • Second Vice President: Mary Munive ANGERMULLER
  • A Just Costa Rica (CRJ) / Costa Rica Justa
    • President: Rolando Araya MONGE
    • First Vice President: Orlando Guerrero VARGAS
    • Second Vice President: Ana Lupita Mora CHINCHILLA

*Note: there are a total of approximately 27 candidates in this election.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 5,151,140 (July 2021 est.) [v]
  • Registered Voters: 3,322,329 (2018 est.) [vi]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: Not available
  • Is Costa Rica a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (signed 17 July 1980) [vii]
  • Has Costa Rica ratified CEDAW: Yes (ratified 4 April 1986) [viii]
  • Gender Quota: Yes, both legislated and voluntary quotas. (Costa Rican election law requires that ‘all delegations, electoral lists and other entities’ must be composed of 50% of each gender.) [ix]
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of female legislators: 26 out of 57 [x]
  • Human Development Index Position: 0.810 (ranked 62) [xi]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (28%) [xii]

Disability Data:

  • Is Costa Rica a signatory to CRPD: Yes (signed 30 March 2007) [xiii]
  • Has Costa Rica ratified CRPD: Yes (ratified 1 October 2008) [xiv]
  • Population with a disability: 722,122 (2022 est.) [xv]
Election Modified: Mar 10, 2023

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With Participation Rates