ElectionGudie

March 23, 2021 Confirmed

Israel

State of Israel

Election for Knesset (Israeli Knesset)

More Info:

At Stake in this Election:       

  • 120 seats in the Knesset

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: President Reuben RIVLIN (since 27 July 2014)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Binyamin NETANYAHU (since 31 March 2009, most recently reformed on 15 May 2015)
  • Assembly: Unicameral Knesset (120 seats; members directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)

Electoral System:

  • The President is elected by parliament to serve a 7-year term.
  • Prime Minister is designated by the president to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Knesset 120 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms. There is a 3.25% threshold required to gain representation. All candidates run in one national district.

Main Parties in this Election:                    

  • Party: Blue and White
    • Leader: Benny Gantz
    • Seats won in March 2020 election: 12
  • Party: Likud
    • Leader: Benjamin Netanyahu
    • Seats won in March 2020  election: 37
  • Party: Yesh Atid-Telem
    • Leader: Yair Lapid
    • Seats won in March 2020  election: 16
  • Party: Derekh Eretz
    • Leader: Yoaz Hendel
    • Seats won in March 2020 election: 0
  • Party: Joint List
    • Leader: Ayman Odeh
    • Seats won in March 2020  election: 11
  • Party: Shas
    • Leader: Aryeh Deri
    • Seats won in March 2020  election: 9
  • Party: United Torah Judaism
    • Leader: Moshe Gafni
    • Seats won in March 2020 election: 7
  • Party: Yisrael Beiteinu
    • Leader: Avigdor Lieberman
    • Seats won in March 2020 election: 7
  • Party: Labor
    • Leader: Amir Peretz
    • Seats won in March 2020 election: 3
    Party: Jewish Home-National Union
    • Leader: Hagit Moshe
    • Seats won in March 2020 election: 1

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 8,583,916 (2019 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 5,900,000 (2020 est.)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 4,314,369 (2019 est.)
  • Is Israel a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Israel ratified CEDAW: Yes (3 October 1991)
  • Gender Quota: Political parties have voluntary quotas but there are no legislated quotas.
  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Legislators: 33 (27.5%) of 120 seats in the Knesset
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 22 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A (2019)

Disability Data:

  • Is Israel a signatory to CRPD: Yes (20 March 2007)
  • Has Israel ratified CRPD: Yes (28 September 2012)
  • Population with a disability: 1,207,397 (est.)