Chapter II. Legislative Branch
Legislative Power is exercised by the National Assembly through delegation and by the mandate of the people. The National Assembly is composed of ninety members (diputados) and their alternates elected by universal, equal, direct, free, and secret suffrage through the system of proportional representation. In accordance with what is established in the electoral law, twenty national members are elected and seventy members in the departmental and autonomous regions.
An obligation is established to allocate sufficient percentage of the General Budget of the Republic to the National Assembly.
The Former President of the Republic and Vice President elected by the people’s direct vote in the immediate previous term shall also be part of the National Assembly as regular members and alternates respectively. The candidates for President and Vice President of the Republic who finish in second place in the election shall be part of the National Assembly as members and alternates.
1. The following requirements must be fulfilled in order to be eligible as member of the National Assembly:
- a. Be a national of Nicaragua. Those who adopted another nationality must have renounced it at least four years before the election is held.
- b. Enjoy full exercise of civil and political rights.
- c. Be 21 years old.
- d. Reside continuously in the country for four years prior to the election. This shall not be applicable to those who, during the aforementioned period, were engaged in Diplomatic Missions, were working in International Organizations or pursuing studies overseas. In addition, it is required to be a native or a resident for a two-year period preceding the election date of the Department or Autonomous Region sought to be elected for;
2. The following persons may not run for the National Assembly, as members or alternates:
- a. Government ministers or vice ministers, magistrates of the Judicial Power and of the Supreme Electoral Council, members of the Superior Council of the Office of the Controller General, the Public Prosecutor and Deputy Public Prosecutor, the Human Rights Ombudsman and Deputy Human Rights Ombudsman, the Attorney General, the Adjunct Attorney General and the mayors, unless they resign the office at least 12 months in advance of the election date.
- b. Ministers of any religious cult, unless they have resigned at least 12 months in advance from the election date.