Nov. 16, 2017 Held


Kingdom of Tonga

Election for Fale Alea (Tongan Legislative Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:39,612
Valid Votes:None
Invalid Votes:None

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands (Paati Temokalati 'a e 'Otu Motu 'Anga'ofa) 14

Independents (Independents) 3

Election Results Modified: May 10, 2024

General Information

At stake in this election:      

  • 17 seats in Tonga’s Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King TUPOU VI (since 18 March 2012) *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Samiuela ʻAkilisi PŌHIVA (since 2014)**
  • Assembly: Tonga has a unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea) with 26 seats.

* King George TUPOV V died on 18 March 2012 in Hong Kong. He was succeeded by his brother Crown Prince TUPOUTO’A Lavaka, who took the throne name TUPOU VI.

** Parliament was dissolved in August 2017, including Prime Minister PŌHIVA, who was re-elected following this election. 

Description of electoral system:

  • The King is hereditary
  • The Prime Minister is elected by and from members of parliament and appointed by the monarch.
  • Tonga has a unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea), in which 9 members are elected by hereditary state rulers to serve 4-year terms and 17 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party:  Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands / Paati Temokalati 'a e 'Otu Motu 'Anga'ofa
    • Leader: Samuela 'Akilisi POHIVA
  • Party: Independents
    • Leader: N/A
  • Party: People's Democratic Party (PDP)
    • Leader: N/A
  • Party: Sustainable Nation-Building Party / Paati Langafonua Tu'uloa
    • Leader: Sione FONUA
  • Party: Tonga Democratic Labour Party
    • Leader: N/A

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 106,440 (July 2014 est)
  • Registered Voters: 42,395 (November 2010)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 53,041 (July 2014 est)
  • Is Tonga a signatory to CEDAW: N/A
  • Has Tonga ratified CEDAW: N/A
  • Gender Quota: No.
  • Female Candidates in this election: 11
  • Number of Female Legislators: 1 (3.6%) of 26 seats in Tonga’s unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea).
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 100
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: Not Ranked (latest rankings are from 2012)[viii]
Election Modified: May 10, 2024

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