Oct. 18, 2018 Held


Kingdom of Bhutan

Election for Gyelyong Tshogdu (Bhutanese National Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:313,473
Valid Votes:313,473
Invalid Votes:0

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa 30 - 172,268


Druk Phuensum Tshogpa 17 - 141,205

Election Results Modified: Oct 24, 2018

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 47 seats in the National Assembly (Gyelyong Tshogdu)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Tsehring TOBGAY**
  • Assembly: Bhutan has a bicameral Parliament (Chi Tshog) consisting of the National Council (Gyelyong Tshogde) with 25 seats and the National Assembly (Gyelyong Tshogdu) with 47 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The King is hereditary head of state.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the ruling party.
  • In the National Council (Gyelyong Tshogde), 20 members are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 5 members are appointed by the monarch to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly (GyelyongTshogdu) 47 members are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* Members of the upper house National Council cannot belong to any political party.

** Members of the lower house National Assembly represent political parties.

Main parties in the electoral race:*

* DNT and DPT won the first round of elections. A run-off will be held 18 October.


Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 917,054 (2018 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 381,790 (2013) 

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 383,857 (2018 est.)
  • Is Bhutan a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Bhutan ratified CEDAW: Yes (31 August 1981)
  • Gender Quota: No
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 4 (National Assembly); 4 (National Council)
  • Human Development Index Position: 134 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

  • Is Bhutan a signatory to CRPD: Yes (21 September 2010)
  • Has Bhutan ratified CRPD: No
  • Population with a disability: 111,288 (2018 est.)
Election Modified: Aug 17, 2023

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