April 17, 2019 Held


Republic of Indonesia

Election for Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (Indonesian House of Representatives)

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 575 seats in the House of Representatives

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: President Joko WIDODO
  • Head of Government: President Joko WIDODO
  • Assembly: Indonesia has a bicameral People's Consultative Assembly consisting of the Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, DPD) with 136 seats and the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, DPR) with 575 seats.

Electoral System:

  • In the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, DPR) 575 members are elected by open list proportional representation in 80 multi-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms. Between three and ten seats are at stake in each electoral district. Parties must receive at least 4 percent of the vote to win seats in the DPR.
  • Before this election, there were 560 members elected from 77 constituencies in the House.
  • Each voter receives one DPR ballot listing all political parties and candidates running in their electoral district. The ordering of party lists is determined by the parties, which must include 30% women in a zipper placement within that order. Voters may vote for candidates anywhere on the list. The voter punches one or two holes to vote for one candidate, one political party, or both. If a voter selects both, the political party chosen must be the party of the candidate chosen or the ballot is invalid.

Main parties in the election:

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 269,536,482 (2019 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 192,828,520 (190,770,329 domestic and 2,058,191 overseas)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 133,922,681 (2019 est.)
  • Is Indonesia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (28 July 1980)
  • Has Indonesia ratified CEDAW: Yes (13 September 1984)
  • Gender Quota: Yes (In legislative elections, each party list must include at least 30% female candidates)
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes – 94,975 (38.7%) of 245,106 total candidates in the PDP, PDR, and regional elections
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 97 (17.3%) of 560 in the House of Representatives; 34 (26%) of 132 in the Regional Representative Council
  • Human Development Index Position: 116 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2019)

Disability Data:

  • Is Indonesia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Indonesia ratified CRPD: Yes (30 November 2011)
  • Population with a disability: 38,399,051 (est.)
Election Modified: Aug 17, 2023

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With Participation Rates