April 1, 2018 Held

Costa Rica

Republic of Costa Rica

Election for Costa Rican Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:2,207,556
Valid Votes:2,183,296
Invalid Votes:24,260

Vote Share by Candidate:

Carlos ALVARADO Quesada1,322,908


Fabricio ALVARADO Muñoz860,388

Election Results Modified: Jun 15, 2018

General Information

Costa Rica: President, 1 April 2018

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Costa Rica

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera*
  • Head of Government: President Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera
  • Assembly: Costa Rica has a unicameral Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) with 57 seats.

* The electoral system is two-round with a 40 percent threshold.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by qualified majority to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) 57 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

*** There are seven constituencies corresponding to Costa Rica's provinces, and seats are apportioned to each in proportion to population. Seats are allocated at the constituency level. Once all lists' quotas have been filled, there are additional considerations for sub-quotas of votes (50 percent of a full quota), and then for remainders less than sub-quotas.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

  • Carlos ALVARADO Quesada
    • Citizens Action Party / Acción Ciudadana (PAC)
  • Fabricio ALVARADO Muñoz
    • National Restoration Party / Restoración Nacional (PRN)

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 4,545,273 (July 2009 est)
  • Registered Voters: 2,822,491 (December 2009)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 2,268,442 (2010)

·         Is Costa Rica a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Costa Rica ratified CEDAW: Yes (4 April 1986)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 22 (following 2010 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 69 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Costa Rica a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Costa Rica ratified CRPD: Yes (1 October 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 681,790 (est.)

Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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