Dec. 18, 2015 Held


Republic of Rwanda



Voter Participation

Cast Votes:6,285,353
Valid Votes:6,263,182
Invalid Votes:22,171

Referendum Vote Share

"Do you accept the constitution of the Republic of Rwanda that was amended in 2015?"




Election Results Modified: Jun 21, 2024

General Information

Rwanda: Referendum, 18 December 2015

At stake in this election:

  • This referendum will determine if amendments to the constitution regarding the duration of presidential terms and term limits will be passed. 

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Paul KAGAME (since 22 April 2000)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Anastase MUREKEZI (since 24 July 2014)
  • Assembly: Rwanda has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senat (Senate) and Chambre des Deputes (Chamber of Deputies). The Senate is composed of 26 seats and the Chamber of Deputies is composed of 80 seats.

Main provisions in the referendum:

  • This referendum will ask voters if they support the proposed amendments to the constitution changing presidential term limits and the duration of terms. 
    • "Do you accept the constitution of the Republic of Rwanda that was amended in 2015?"

Electoral Requirements:

  • This referendum will pass if a simple majority vote in favor is reached. 

Population and number of registered voters:

·         Population: 12,661,733 (July 2015 est.)

·         Registered Voters: 6,392,867 (2015)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 6,349,227 (July 2015 est.)

·         Is Rwanda a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (1 May 1980)

·         Has Rwanda ratified CEDAW: Yes (2 March 1981)

·         Gender Quota: Yes[1]

·         Female candidates in this election: N/A

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 61 (57.47%)[2]

·         Human Development Index Position: 163 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Rwanda a signatory to CRPD: N/A

·         Has Rwanda ratified CRPD: Yes (15 December 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 1,899,259




[1] The gender quota requires that at least 30% of posts in decision-making organs are reserved for women.

[2] There are 51 (63.75%) women serving in the Senate and 10 (38.46%) women in the Chamber of Deputies. 

Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

Most Recent Elections in Rwanda

With Participation Rates