April 20, 2018 Held


Kingdom of Bhutan

Election for Gyelyong Tshogde (Bhutanese National Council)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:234,470
Valid Votes:234,470
Invalid Votes:None

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Independents (Independents) 20 - 234,470

Election Results Modified: May 08, 2018

General Information

Bhutan: National Council, 20 April 2018

At stake in this election:

  • 25 seats in the National Council (Gyelyong Tshogde)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Tshering TOBAY
  • Assembly: Bhutan has a bicameral Parliament (Chi Tshog) consisting of the National Council (Gyelyong Tshogde) with 25 seats and the National Assembly (Tshogdu) with 47 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The King is hereditary head of state.
  • Prime Minister is nominated by the monarch.
  • In the National Council (Gyelyong Tshogde), 20 members are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 5 members are appointed by the monarch to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Tshogdu) 47 members are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* Members of the upper house National Council cannot belong to any political party.

** Members of the lower house National Assembly represent political parties.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Independent(s): Independents*
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this National Council election: 25
    • Seats won in last National Council election: 25

* Candidates running for National Council in 2018 must not be affiliated with political parties. All candidates in this election run as independents competing in Bhutan's 20 districts (Dzongkhags); 7 of these members are women. A list of the candidates in this election by district can be found on the Election Commission of Bhutan's website: http://results.ecb.bt/nc2018/index.php. 

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 716,896 (July 2012 )
  • Registered Voters: 379,819 (March 2013 )

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 349,158 (2013)

·         Is Bhutan a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Bhutan ratified CEDAW: Yes (31 August 1981)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 3 (National Assembly); 2 (National Council) (following 2013 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 132 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Bhutan a signatory to CRPD: Yes (21 September 2010)

·         Has Bhutan ratified CRPD: No

·         Population with a disability: 107,534 (est.)

Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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