Record Modified: Aug 16 2023

April 16, 2012 Held


Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Election for Timorese Presidency


Cast Votes:458,703
Valid Votes:449,879
Invalid Votes:8,824


Taur MATAN RUAK275,471


Francisco GUTERRES174,408


More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Timor-Leste

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Jose RAMOS-HORTA
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO
  • Assembly: Timor-Leste has a unicameral National Parliament with 65 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president.
  • In the National Parliament 65 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.***

*** There is one, nationwide constituency and a 3 percent threshold for entering parliament. Each list must contain the names of 65 candidates and no fewer than 25 alternate candidates. In addition, every fourth candidate on a list must be female. (Law 6/2006 Article 12 (3) Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method.

Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:

  • Francisco GUTERRES
    • Party: Revolutionary Front of an Independent Timor-Leste / rente Revolucionária de Timor-Leste Independente (FRETILIN)
    • Party: National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction / Conselho Nacional de Reconstrução do Timor (CNRT)

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 1,148,958 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: 627,295 (March 2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 565,391 (2012)

·         Is Timor-Leste a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Timor-Leste ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (16 April 2003)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 18 (following the 2007 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 133

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High

Disability Data:

·         Is Timor-Leste a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Timor-Leste ratified CRPD: No

·         Population with a disability: 172,343 (est.)