IFES

March 17, 2012 Held

Timor-Leste

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Election for President

Results

Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:489,933
Valid Votes:464,661
Invalid Votes:25,272

Candidates:

Francisco GUTERRES133,635

28.76

Taur MATAN RUAK119,462

25.71

Fernando LA SAMA80,381

17.30

José LUIS GUTERRES9,235

1.99

Manuel TILMAN7,226

1.56

Abilio ARAUJO6,294

1.35

Lucas DA COSTA3,862

0.8311435648784813

Francisco XAVIER3,531

0.7599088367648673

Angela FREITAS1,742

0.37489696789702603

More Info:

NOTE: A second round of elections was held on 16 April 2012.  Results can be found here.  

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Timor-Leste

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Jose RAMOS-HORTA
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO
  • Assembly: Timor-Leste has a unicameral National Parliament with 65 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president.
  • In the National Parliament 65 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.***

*** There is one, nationwide constituency and a 3 percent threshold for entering parliament. Each list must contain the names of 65 candidates and no fewer than 25 alternate candidates. In addition, every fourth candidate on a list must be female. (Law 6/2006 Article 12 (3) Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method.

Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:

  • Francisco GUTERRES
    • Party: Revolutionary Front of an Independent Timor-Leste / Frente Revolucionária de Timor-Leste Independente (FRETILIN)
  • Taur MATAN RUAK
    • Party: National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction / Conselho Nacional de Reconstrução do Timor (CNRT)
  • Fernando LA SAMA
    • Party: Democratic Party / Partido Democrático (PD)
  • Lucas DA COSTA
    • Party: N/A
  • José LUIS GUTERRES
    • Party: N/A
  • Manuel TILMAN
    • Party: N/A
  • Francisco XAVIER
    • Party: The Timorese Social Democratic Association
  • Angela FREITAS
    • Party: Labor Party
  • Abilio ARAUJO
    • Party: The Timorese Nationalist Party
  • José RAMOS HORTA
    • Independent(s): N/A

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 1,148,958 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: 627,295 (March 2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 565,391 (2012)

·         Is Timor-Leste a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Timor-Leste ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (16 April 2003)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 18 (following the 2007 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 133 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Timor-Leste a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Timor-Leste ratified CRPD: No

·         Population with a disability: 172,343 (est.)