Aug. 20, 2009 Held


Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Election for Afghan Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:5,918,741
Valid Votes:5,662,758
Invalid Votes:255,983

Vote Share by Candidate:

Hamid KARZAI3,093,256


Abdullah ABDULLAH1,571,581


Ramazan BASHARDOST520,627


Ashraf GHANI155,343

Election Results Modified: Jun 06, 2016

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Afghanistan

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Hamid KARZAI *
  • Head of Government: President Hamid KARZAI
  • Assembly: Afghanistan has a bicameral National Assembly (Jirga) consisting of the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga) with 102 seats and the House of People (Wolesi Jirga) with 249 seats.

* The president is both chief of state and head of government.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga), 34 members are elected by regional legislatures to serve 4-year terms, 34 members are elected by regional legislatures to serve 3-year terms and 34 members are appointed by the President to serve 5-year terms*. In the House of People (Wolesi Jirga) 249 members are elected by single non-transferable vote to serve 5-year terms.**

* Each Provincial Council elects one of its members to the House of Elders under a two-round system. (4-year term.) Each District Council elects one of its members to the House of Elders under a two-round system. (3-year term.) Due to the fact that district boundaries had not yet been established, District Councils did not elect members to the House of Elders in 2005. To compensate, provincial councils each elected two members.

** There are 34 multi-member districts corresponding to the 34 provinces. Seats are allocated in proportion to provincial population. District magnitudes range from 2 to 33.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

  • Hamid KARZAI
    • Independent(s): N/A
  • Abdullah ABDULLAH
    • Independent(s): N/A
  • Ramazan BASHARDOST
    • Independent(s): N/A
  • Ashraf GHANI
    • Independent(s): N/A

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 33,609,937 (July 2009 est.)
  • Registered Voters: N/A

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 13,218,613 (2009) 

·         Is Afghanistan a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (14 August 1980)

·         Has Afghanistan ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 March 2003)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 23 (22.55%) (2005)

·         Human Development Index Position: 171 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Afghanistan a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Afghanistan ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (18 September 2012)

·         Population with a disability: 5,041,490 (est.)

Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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