At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Zambia
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Levy MWANAWASA *
- Head of Government: President Levy MWANAWASA
- Assembly: Zambia has a unicameral National Assembly with 150 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by simple majority vote to serve a 5-year term.
- In the National Assembly, 150 members are elected by simple majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 8 members are appointed by the president to serve 5-year terms.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- Levy MWANAWASA
Party: Movement for Multiparty Democracy ((MMD)
- Michael SATA
Party: Patriotic Front (PF)
- Hakainde HICHILEMA***
Party: United Democratic Alliance (UDA)
- Godfrey MIYANDA
Party: Heritage Party
- Kenny NGONDO
Party: All People's Congress (APC)
*** The United Democratic Alliance (UDA) brings together three opposition parties: the United Party for National Development (UPND), the United National Independent Party (UNIP), and the Forum for Democracy and Development (FDD).
Last Presidential election:
- The last presidential election was held on December 27, 2001. Levy MWANAWASA was elected president with 29% of the vote, and was followed by Anderson MAZOKA 27%, Christon TEMBO 13%, Tilyenji KAUNDA 10%, Godfrey MIYANDA 8%, Benjamin MWILA 5%, and Michael SATA 3%.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 11,502,010 (July 2006 est.)
- Registered Voters: 3,941,229 (August 2006 )