Dec. 2, 2004 Held


Republic of Mozambique

Election for Mozambican Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:3,329,177
Valid Votes:3,144,168
Invalid Votes:177,999

Vote Share by Candidate:

Armando GUEBUZA2,004,226


Afonso DHLAKAMA998,059


Raul DOMINGOS85,815


Yaqub SIBINDY28,656


Carlos REIS27,412

Election Results Modified: Apr 11, 2016

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Mozambique

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Joaquim Alberto CHISSANO
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Pascoal MOCUMBI
  • Assembly: Mozambique has a unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica) with 250 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica) 250 members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms.

Main Candidates in the of the Presidential race:

  • Alfonso DHLAKAMA
    • Party: Mozambican National Resistance / Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (RENAMO)
  • Armando GUEBUZA
    • Party: Mozambique Liberation Front / Frente da Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO)
    • ​Party: Peace, Democracy, and Development / Paz, Democracia e Desenvolvimento (PDD)
  • Carlos REIS
    • ​Party: Change and Good Governance / Mudança e Boa Governação
  • ​Yaqub SIBINDY
    • Party: Independent Party of Mozambique / Partido Independente de Moçambique

Last Presidential election:

  • Presidential Elections were last held on 3 December to 5 December 1999. Joaquim CHISSANO won with 52.3% of the vote. 

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 20,523,159 (2004)
  • Registered Voters: 9,142,151 (2004)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 10,615,133 (2004)

·         Is Mozambique a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Mozambique ratified CEDAW: Yes (21 April 1997)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 87 (following the 2004 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 180 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Mozambique a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Mozambique ratified CRPD: Yes (30 January 2012)

·         Population with a disability: 3,078,473 (est.)

Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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