Dec. 3, 1999 Held


Republic of Mozambique

Election for Mozambican Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:4,934,352
Valid Votes:4,471,988
Invalid Votes:141,569

Vote Share by Candidate:

President Joaquim CHISSANO2,338,333


Afonso DHLAKAMA2,113,655

Election Results Modified: May 22, 2019

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Mozambique

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Joaquim Alberto CHISSANO
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Pascoal MOCUMBI
  • Assembly: Mozambique has a unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica) with 250 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica) 250 members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms.

Main Candidates in the of the Presidential race:

  • Joaquim CHISSANO
    • Party: Mozambique Liberation Front / Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO)
  • Alfonso DHLAKAMA
    • Party: Mozambican National Resistance / Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (RENAMO)

Last Presidential election:

  • Presidential Elections were last held on October 27, 1994. President Joaquim CHISSANO won 53.3% of the vote, thereby defeating Afonso DHLAKAMA who received 33.3%.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 17,774,066 (1999)
  • Registered Voters: 7,099,105 (1999)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 9,254,717 (1999)

·         Is Mozambique a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Mozambique ratified CEDAW: Yes (21 April 1997)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 75 (following the 1999 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 180 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Mozambique a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Mozambique ratified CRPD: Yes (30 January 2012)

·         Population with a disability: 2,666,109 (est.)

Election Modified: May 10, 2024

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