Nov. 19, 2013 Held


Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Election for Sambidhan Sabha (Nepalese Constituent Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:9,463,862
Valid Votes:9,463,862
Invalid Votes:0

Seat Share By Party:

Hover to view number and percent of total seats won by party. Eight largest parties shown, with "others" combined if applicable.

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum, Nepal (Loktantrik)

Nepali Congress 196 - 2,418,370


Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) (नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (एकिकृत मार्क्सवादी–लेनवादी)) 175 - 2,239,609


Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Center) (नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (माओवादी केन्द्र)) 80 - 1,439,726


Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal ( राष्ट्रिय प्रजातन्त्र पार्टी नेपाल) 24 - 630,697


Rastriya Prajatantra Party 13 - 260,234


Madhesi Jan Adhikar Forum, Nepal 10 - 214,319


Tarai Madhes Loktantrik Party 11 - 181,140


Sadbhavana Party (सद्-भावना पार्टी`) 6 - 133,271

Election Results Modified: Dec 04, 2013

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 601 seats in the Constituent Assembly (Sambidhan Sabha).

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Ram Baran YADAV[1]
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Khil Raj REGMI[2]
  • Assembly: Nepal had a unicameral Constituent Assembly (Sambidhan Sabha) with 601 seats. The Constituent Assembly was an interim legislature established in 2008 tasked with writing a new constitution. It was dissolved in May 2012, with the current election set to elect a replacement.

Description of electoral system:

  • In the Constituent Assembly (Sambidhan Sabha), 240 members are elected by plurality vote in first-past-the-post single-member constituencies, 335 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system and 26 members are appointed by the Cabinet.[3]

Main Parties in the Electoral Race:

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 30,430,267 (July 2013 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 12,200,000 (October 2013 est.)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 14,339,464 (2013)

·         Is Nepal a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (5 February 1991)

·         Has Nepal ratified CEDAW: Yes (22 April 1991)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 172 (following the 2013 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 145 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Nepal a signatory to CRPD: Yes (3 January 2008)

·         Has Nepal ratified CRPD: Yes (7 May 2010)

·         Population with a disability: 4,564,540 (est.)


[1] YADAV is the first ever president of Nepal. The position was created after the country was declared a republic in 2008.

[2] REGMI is the Chief Justice of Nepal's Supreme Court tasked with leading Nepal through Constituent Assembly elections by December 2013.

[3] The proportional representation tier contains one, nationwide district. Candidates may run in only one tier.

[4] Nine members of the TMLP, led by Minister of Industry Mahendra Raya YADEV, left the party on December 31, 2010 due to internal politics. They formed a new party, the Tarai-Madhesh Loktranik Party-Nepal.

Election Modified: May 10, 2024

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