June 28, 2012 Held



Election for Ulsyn Ikh Khural (Mongolian State Great Hural)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:1,198,086
Valid Votes:1,198,086
Invalid Votes:0

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Democratic Party 31 - 399,194


Mongolian People's Party (Монгол Ардын Нам, Mongol Ardiin Nam) 25 - 353,839


Justice Coalition 11 - 252,077


Independents 3 - 62,672


Civil Will - Green Party 2 - 62,310

Election Results Modified: Apr 27, 2016

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 76 seats in the State Great Hural (Ulsyn Ikh Khural)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Tsakhia ELBEGDORJ *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Sukhbaatar BATBOLD
  • Assembly: Mongolia has a unicameral State Great Hural (Ulsyn Ikh Khural) with 76 seats.

* To be eligible to seek the presidency, one must belong to a political party with seats in parliament but resign that party affiliation upon taking office.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
  • Prime Minister is elected by parliament.
  • In the State Great Hural (Ulsyn Ikh Khural), 48 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 28 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

*** In the nominal tier, there will be 6 single-member constituencies, 18 two-member constituencies and 2 three-member constituencies.There is a five percent threshold in the PR tier.

Main parties in the electoral race:

* The MPP was formally known as the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Pary.
*** Comprises members of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party and Mongolian National Democratic Party.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 2,808,339 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: 1,833,478 (June 2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 1,416,308 (2012)

·         Is Mongolia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Mongolia ratified CEDAW: Yes (20 July 1981)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 10 (following the 2012 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 90 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Mongolia a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Mongolia ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (13 May 2009)

·         Population with a disability: 421,250 (est.)

Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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