March 4, 2007 Held


Republic of Estonia

Election for Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:550,213
Valid Votes:550,213
Invalid Votes:0

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Estonian Reform Party (Reformierakond) 31 - 153,044


Estonian Centre Party (Keskerakond) 29 - 143,518


Isamaa (Isamaa Erakond) 19 - 98,347


Social Democratic Party 10 - 58,363


Estonian Greens 6 - 39,279


Estonian People's Union (Rahvaliit) 6 - 39,215

Election Results Modified: Nov 14, 2007

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 101 seats in the Parliament (Riigikogu)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Toomas Hendrik ILVES
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Andrus ANSIP
  • Assembly: Estonia has a unicameral Parliament (Riigikogu) with 101 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by parliament to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is nominated by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Parliament (Riigikogu) 101 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

*** The are 12 multi-member constituencies with district magnitude ranging from 6 to 13 seats. There is a 5% threshold. Seats are allocated in three rounds. In the first round, seats are awarded to candidates who garner the same or more votes than the simple quota in their electoral districts. In the second round, seats are allocated in a traditional PR method. That is, party lists are awarded seats based on their share of the vote in the district, and candidates within the list receive seats in the order of how many preferential votes they received. In the third round of counting, all remaining mandates are distributed between the national candidate lists with at least 5% of the national vote.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Estonian Centre Party / Keskerakond (KESK)
    • Leader: Edgar SAVISAAR
    • Seats won in this election: 29
    • Seats won in last election: 28
  • Party: Estonian Reform Party / Reformierakond (ER)
    • Leader: Andrus ANSIP
    • Seats won in this election: 31
    • Seats won in last election: 19
  • Party: Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica / Isamaa je Res Publica Liit (IRPL)***
    • Leader: Tonis LUKAS
    • Seats won in this election: 19
    • Seats won in last election: 35
  • Party: Estonian Greens / (EER)
    • Leader: Marek STRANDBERG
    • Seats won in this election: 6
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Social Democratic Party / (SDE)
    • Leader: Ivari PADAR
    • Seats won in this election: 10
    • Seats won in last election: 6
  • Party: Estonian People's Union / Rahvaliit (ERL)
    • Leader: Villu REILJAN
    • Seats won in this election: 6
    • Seats won in last election: 13

*** The IRPL was formed in June 2006 as a merger of the Pro Patria Union and former Prime Minister Juhan PARTS

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 1,340,680 (2007)
  • Registered Voters: 897,243 (2007)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 717,634 (2007)

·         Is Estonia a signatory to CEDAW: N/A

·         Has Estonia ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (21 October 1991)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 24 (following the 2007 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 30 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Estonia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2007)

·         Has Estonia ratified CRPD: Yes (30 May 2012)

·         Population with a disability: 201,102 (est.)

Election Modified: May 10, 2024

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